EUCO XT 20015/19 EN
Brussels, 10 April 2019
From: General Secretariat of the Council
Subject: Special meeting of the European Council (Art. 50) (10 April 2019)
Delegations1 will find attached the conclusions adopted by the European Council (Art. 50) at the
1 Following a notification under Article 50 TEU, the member of the European Council
representing the withdrawing Member State shall not participate in the discussions of the
European Council or in decisions concerning it.
Conclusions – 10 April 2019
EUCO XT 20015/19 1
1. The European Council takes note of the letter of Prime Minister Theresa May of 5 April 2019
asking for a further extension of the period referred to in Article 50(3) TEU.
2. In response, the European Council agrees to an extension to allow for the ratification of the
Withdrawal Agreement. Such an extension should last only as long as necessary and, in any
event, no longer than 31 October 2019 (postponed to 31 January 2020). If the Withdrawal Agreement is ratified by both
parties before this date, the withdrawal will take place on the first day of the following month.
3. The European Council underlines that the extension cannot be allowed to undermine the
regular functioning of the Union and its institutions. If the UK is still a Member of the EU on
23-26 May 2019 and if it has not ratified the Withdrawal Agreement by 22 May 2019, it must
hold the elections to the European Parliament in accordance with Union law. If the United
Kingdom fails to live up to this obligation, the withdrawal will take place on 1 June 2019.
4. The European Council reiterates that there can be no opening of the Withdrawal Agreement,
and that any unilateral commitment, statement or other act should be compatible with the
letter and the spirit of the Withdrawal Agreement and must not hamper its implementation.
5. The European Council stresses that such an extension cannot be used to start negotiations on
the future relationship. However, if the position of the United Kingdom were to evolve, the
European Council is prepared to reconsider the Political Declaration on the future relationship
in accordance with the positions and principles stated in its guidelines and statements,
including as regards the territorial scope of the future relationship.
6. The European Council notes that, during the extension, the United Kingdom will remain a
Member State with full rights and obligations in accordance with Article 50 TEU, and that the
United Kingdom has a right to revoke its notification at any time.
7. The European Council takes note of the commitment by the United Kingdom to act in a
constructive and responsible manner throughout the extension in accordance with the duty of
sincere cooperation and expects the United Kingdom to fulfil this commitment and Treaty
obligation in a manner that reflects its situation as a withdrawing Member State. To this
effect, the United Kingdom shall facilitate the achievement of the Union’s tasks and refrain
from any measure which could jeopardise the attainment of the Union’s objectives, in
particular when participating in the decision-making processes of the Union.
8. In addition to meetings under Article 50 TEU, the 27 Member States and the Commission,
where appropriate together with other institutions, bodies, offices and agencies of the Union,
will continue to meet separately at all levels to discuss matters related to the situation after the
withdrawal of the United Kingdom.
9. The European Council will remain seized of the matter and will review progress at its meeting
in June 2019.
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